The history of the Andaman Islands is still a mystery to many. Nobody knows exactly when and how the first inhabitants arrived on the island. The earliest documented archaeological evidence to date dates back approximately 2,200 years. However, genetic and cultural studies suggest that the indigenous Andaman population may have been isolated from other populations since the Middle Paleolithic (Old Stone Age). During this period, the Andamanese may have split into distinct linguistic, cultural, and territorial groups, now known as tribes. The first empire to list the Andaman Islands under its territory was the Maratha Empire. Rajendra Chola, one of the kings of the Chola dynasty, conquered the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to use them as a strategic naval base against the Sriwijaya Empire (in Indonesia). They called the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Tinmaittivu, or the Impure Islands.
A chief chew of the recognized history, but, dates back to the put up-colonial period. The history of organized eu colonization started when the Danish settlers of the Danish East India agency arrived at the Nicobar islands on 12 December 1755. On 1 January 1756, the Nicobar Islands had been made a Danish colony, first named New Denmark. however this colony did now not closing very long as most of the empire changed into wiped out because of the outbreaks of Malaria with the aid of 1848. It was most effective the British who can then be referred to as the authentic colonizers of the Andaman & Nicobar island. In 1789, the British installed their colony in Andaman & Nicobar Islands. but, the island became deserted by using the British in 1796; yet, the British resumed control over Andamans within the nineteenth century. at some point of the 19th century because the Andaman and Nicobar Islands records maintains, the British used Andaman and Nicobar as a penal colony, which changed into named ‘Kalapani‘ or the mobile jail. The records of Andaman & Nicobar Islands proves that criminals convicted of against the law towards the East India organisation have been sent to Andaman and Nicobar Islands, with a life sentence: the convicts have been pressured to stay in exile within the Kalapani.
But with the end of British rule, i. e. After Indian independence, the “Kalapani” gave way to a group of beautiful islands. In 1947, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands became part of the Union of India. Today, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are among the seven Indian Union Territories.